There are various purposes for which a public charity Trust can be established in India, including poverty relief, education, medical treatment, and advancing any cause that is of public value. A public trust can be either registered or unregistered. This article discusses topics such as Trust Registration Certificates, How to Make a Trust in India, and How to Get a Trust Registration Certificate.


An Indian Trust must be registered first by drafting a Trust Deed. The Trust Deed is the primary requirement for registering a Trust in India. It must be written on non-judicial stamp paper, and stamp duty rates vary from state to state. In order to schedule an appointment with the office of the sub-registrar, the applicant must complete the Trust Deed preparation process. As part of the appointment process, the sub-registrar requires that the Trustee, Trust Deed, and two witnesses appear before him.

How Does Trust work?

A Trust is an arrangement in which a property is transferred by the owner, Trust, or Trustees to a Trustee. Trusts or proclamations stating that the property should be held by the Trustee for the Trust’s beneficiaries transfer the property to the Trustee for the benefit of the Trust’s beneficiaries. For the purpose of gaining the benefits of the Trust in India, it is advised that the Trust be registered. As shown below, trusts in India fall into two categories;

  1. Public Trusts are Trusts that have the public as one of their beneficiaries, and can also be divided into Public Religious Trusts and Public Charitable Trusts.
  2. Indian Private Trusts are those that have individuals or families as beneficiaries. These trusts can be categorized according to their beneficiaries.
  • A private trust whose beneficiaries and required shares can be easily determined.
  • There is difficulty in determining either the beneficiaries or requisite shares of a private trust.

The Advantages of Trust Registration in India

  • A registered trust provides much-needed financial assistance to the needy and the masses through its charity operations.
  • There are numerous advantages to setting up a trust, especially when it comes to capital and income tax relief. A trust may protect the settler, beneficiaries, and Trust assets against more stringent tax laws.
  • According to the Indian Trusts Act of 1882, the Trust has extensive legal protection. Any third parties who make frivolous claims could jeopardize its legal standing.
  • Creating a Trust can protect a family’s assets and provide greater organizational flexibility when a family relocates to another country to avoid paying taxes in the new country.

What are the steps to form a Trust in India?

It is the Charity Commissioner’s responsibility to register a charity trust in his or her state, for example. Application for Trust Registration Process must be submitted to the official with jurisdiction in the state. Among other things, the Trust name, the trustees’ names, and the mode of succession must be included in the application for Trust Registration.

In addition to a court charge stamp of INR 2 and a small registration fee, which varies according to the Trust’s property and state of registration, the application also must include a certified copy of the Trust Deed. A Notary, the Regional Officer or Superintendent of the Charity Commissioner’s Regional Office, or the applicant must sign the Trust registration form once it has been completed.

Frequently Asked Questions about Trust Registration in India

  • Do trust registrations require certification? 

    , In contrast, the Trust Deed does not require a specific certificate. It only needs to be registered with the appropriate authorities. 

 Is it possible to close a Trust? If so, how?

Unlike other types of property, trusts are unbreakable by default. The Court can combine a Trust with identical objectives if the trustees are disqualified, absent, or the trust has been mismanaged.

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