Are you considering selling a property that you co-own with someone else? Whether it’s a family member, friend, or business partner, selling a jointly owned property involves a set of specific rules, particularly when it comes to Tax Deducted at Source (TDS).

These rules can seem complex and confusing, but fear not! In this blog post, we’ll unravel the intricacies of TDS rules on the sale of jointly owned property, empowering you with the knowledge you need for a smooth and hassle-free transaction.

Understanding TDS on Property Sale: 

TDS, or Tax Deducted at Source, is a mechanism through which the government collects taxes at the source of income. It ensures that taxpayers pay taxes in advance, rather than waiting until the end of the financial year. When it comes to property transactions, TDS serves as a way to prevent tax evasion and streamline tax collection.

TDS on Sale of Jointly Owned Property: Key Points to Consider

  1. Property Ownership Ratio Matters: TDS rules differ depending on the share each co-owner holds in the property. If the property is owned in equal shares, each co-owner’s share is considered separately for TDS calculations. However, if the ownership shares are unequal, the TDS liability might also vary.
  2. TDS Applicability: The Income Tax Act mandates that TDS must be deducted if the sale consideration exceeds a specified threshold. As of my last knowledge update in September 2021, the threshold for TDS on the sale of property was Rs. 50 lakh in most cases. However, it’s crucial to stay updated with the latest tax regulations, as thresholds and rules might change over time.
  3. PAN Details of Co-Owners: Each co-owner involved in the property transaction must have a valid PAN (Permanent Account Number). PAN details are essential for TDS calculations and filing returns.
  4. TDS Rate: The TDS rate applicable to property sales is generally around 1% of the property’s sale consideration. However, this rate can vary based on factors such as the seller’s tax status and the property’s value.
  5. Form 26QB: To comply with TDS requirements, the buyer is responsible for deducting the TDS and filing Form 26QB through the online portal of the Income Tax Department. This form includes details of the property, buyer, seller, TDS deductions, and more. You Can make TDS interest calculation with the help of our online tool.
  6. Challenges with Multiple Co-Owners: Selling a property with multiple co-owners can present challenges when it comes to TDS. In such cases, co-owners must coordinate to ensure that the correct TDS is deducted and reported for each individual’s share.

Exemptions and Relief

It’s essential to note that TDS might not be applicable in certain cases, such as when the property’s sale consideration is below the specified threshold or when the seller qualifies for exemptions under certain sections of the Income Tax Act. Seek professional advice to determine whether you are eligible for any exemptions or relief.


Selling a jointly owned property involves more than just transferring ownership; it involves understanding and adhering to the TDS rules set by the Income Tax Department.

While this blog post provides a broad overview of TDS rules on the sale of jointly owned property, it’s crucial to consult with a qualified tax professional or legal advisor to ensure that you’re following the most up-to-date guidelines that apply to your specific situation.

By doing so, you can navigate the complexities of TDS with confidence and ensure a seamless property transaction process.

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